Monsoon season brings a huge relief to the hot summer weather. The high humidity, stagnant water due to the rainfall and heavy winds can cause many infections including conditions related to the eye. Our environment is the medium for all microorganisms like viruses, bacteria, fungi etc…Carelessness of maintaining your hygiene and health may cause serious eye infections. To protect your eyes during monsoon you should take some precautionary measures to avoid eye infections.
EYE CARE DURING MONSOON
Eye is the most sensitive part in the human body, and it will get easily affected during monsoon. Stye and Conjunctivitis (red/pink eye), Dry eye, Corneal infections are the common eye infections that occurs during monsoon so let’s have a look on the above topics in detail,
Stye is a red painful swelling in the eyelid, this may look like a pimple or boil. Typically, it occurs in the edges of the eyes, mostly at a time it will be on one eye. Stye is also called as Hordeolum or Sty.
Causes of Stye
It occurs when there is an inflammation or infection of the hair follicle in the eyelid or due to blocked glands along the eyelids that normally secretes oil. If oil can’t drain, the glands will become inflamed, and this causes Stye.
Symptoms include pain, swelling of an eyelid, redness, tenderness, droopy eyelid and eye discharge. Mostly stye will occurs on one eye at a time. As stye develops, its symptoms include pain, swelling of the eyelid, redness, tenderness, droopy eyelid and discharge. The affected eye may get irritated, over the period , the symptoms includes,
- Sensitivity to light
- Eye discharge along the eyelid
- Formation of yellow spot in the middle of the boil
- Secretion of extra tears in eyes
Home Remedy or Treatment for Stye
Warm compress (using a towel) for about 5-10 minutes can provide some relief. Never attempt to press the stye to release any pus formation. If the condition does not improve within a week, consultation with an eye doctor is highly recommended to be treated with an antibiotic. If the prescribed ointment or steroid injection didn’t treat the swelling or the inflammation in the Hordeolum, then this needs to be removed with surgical procedure.
This is commonly known as red eye or pink eye. It is the infection of the transparent layer of the eye (conjunctiva) that covers the white part of the eye. It can be caused by bacteria or virus but can also be due to seasonal allergies.
The condition usually starts in one eye and quickly spreads to the other eye. This is a highly contagious condition so appropriate hygiene should be followed. Mostly conjunctivitis affects children, but most of the time it will not cause any serious problem.
The most common symptoms are redness, itching, watery eyes, greenish or yellow discharge, gritty feeling in the eye and swelling. Also causes of conjunctivitis also depends on the type of the infection you have,
- Eyes that produces thick mucus indicates bacterial infection
- Common cold and fever is the symptoms of viral infection
- Blurry vision
Home Remedy or Treatment for Conjunctivitis
There are multiple ways to get rid of different conjunctivitis, but before treating conjunctivitis,you should consult your eye doctor, this will help you to do the procedures in the right way. As the first step wash your hands and rinse your eyes gently with cold water to clean any discharge, as needed. Seek doctor’s help to treat any underlying infection. Allergic conjunctivitis usually resolves within a week without any medical treatment.
It is a condition occurs when tears are not able to produce enough moisture in the eyes. Dry eyes can occur any time of the year but can also occur during rainy season. Secretion of tears in poor quality is also called Dry Eyes.
Some of the symptoms of dry eye includes irritation, foreign body sensation in the eye, watery eyes, redness, blurred vision (sometimes clears with blink) and general ocular discomfort.
Causes of Dry Eye
The tear film is the front layer that lubricates the surface of the eye in one blink. Dry eye most commonly occurs when the normal composition of the tear film is disrupted. It can be caused due to many factors such as being in a dry environment, watching tv or computer screen without blinking for a long time and wearing of contact lens. Monsoon season related dry eye can be caused due to touching the eyes with contaminated hands. Also causes of Dry Eyes also depends on,
Lubricating eye drops usually provides some symptomatic relief. If symptoms persists for a long time, consult your eye doctor for a complete dry eye evaluation.
General Tips for Eye Hygiene
- Wash your hands after coming home from outside.
- Never touch your eyes with dirty hands.
- Carefully remove any eye make-up before bed time.
- Contact lens wearers – Always wash your hands before handling contact lenses. Extended wear contact lenses (i.e., rinse and re-use for a prescribed period of time) should be cleaned appropriately every day and promptly dispose lenses as instructed by your doctor.
- Do not wear contact lenses when you have an active eye infection.
- Avoid sharing personal items such as hand towels etc with other family members when you have an eye infection.