Cataracts are a frequent age-related disorder in which the eye’s natural lens becomes hazy and less translucent. While cataracts may not affect your eyesight at first, if left untreated, they can spread and interfere with your ability to do daily tasks. It is usual for the level and quality of vision achieved to be reduced due to the cataract. We can quickly restore youthful vision at Optical Express by replacing the hazy natural lens with a superior synthetic lens in a simple operation. Long-sightedness, short-sightedness, astigmatism, and reading vision can all be corrected with this quality lens, minimizing the need for glasses and contact lenses.
The majority of cataract procedures take less than 10 minutes. After breaking up the cataract with a laser, the surgeon removes the clouded natural lens and replaces it with an intraocular lens implant, which is an artificial lens. The procedure, also known as cataract surgery, typically takes less than 15 minutes and is performed under local anesthesia, making it almost painless.
While the operation is short, it may take a few days or weeks for your eyes to adjust to the synthetic lens that has been utilized to replace your natural lens. During this recovery time, it is critical that you follow your clinical care team’s instructions and properly care for your eyes since improper post-surgery care can result in a range of short and long-term complications.
You can do several things to care for your eyes and guarantee a healthy healing process while recuperating from surgery. Following cataract surgery, there are a few things you should consider ad a few to avoid.
To help you prepare, we’ve put up a thorough guide that covers everything you need to know about the dos and don’ts after cataract surgery. The day has finally arrived, and you are about to undergo cataract surgery, a safe and effective procedure. For most patients, cataract surgery recovery is quick and uneventful.
- Intraocular Lenses are given to almost everyone who has had cataract surgery IOL.These lenses aid inappropriately concentrating light on the This lens becomes a permanent component of your eye and does not require additional care.
- IOLscome in various shapes and sizes, and your eye doctor will determine which one is ideal for you. However, the eye expert typically talks with you about your options before the procedure and then selects which lens will work best for
- IOLscome in various shapes and sizes, and your eye doctor will determine which one is ideal for you. However, the eye expert typically talks with you about your options before the procedure and then selects which lens will work best for
- Silicone, acrylic, and plastic are among the materials used in IOLs. Some IOLs can blockUV radiation. Rigid plastic lenses are used in some cases. Typically, these plastic lenses are inserted through an incision that requires sutures to close. Some IOLs, on the other hand, are incredibly flexible and require only a minor incision with a few or no sutures. The eye surgeon folds such lenses and inserts them into the empty capsule to replace the standard eye lens during The folded IOL unfolds and fills the vacant space once inside.
IOLs are available in a variety of shapes and sizes.
For distance vision, this lens has a single focus strength. Reading glasses are required for precision activities such as reading.
This lens has a single focusing strength, but it can adjust with eye muscle movement and shift focus.
These are similar to progressive lenses or bifocal glasses in that they have many focal points. The lens features different focusing strengths, allowing for vision in close, medium, and far distances.
These lenses are mainly used to treat astigmatism.
DOs after Cataract surgery:
- Aftercataract surgery, there are a few things you should
- Bringa friend or family member with you to the hospital and have them drive you home following
- Wearthe protective eye patch that your surgeon has given
- Asdirected by your surgeon, utilize the eye drops they have given
- Whenbathing, showering, or washing your hair, prevent getting water in your eyes by wearing the protective
- Try to avoidswimming and other water-based activities for at least one month.
- Whenyou’re outside, don’t forget to put on your
- Take it easy during the first several days and avoid any physical activity, includingsports, exercise, and jobs that require bending down, such as vacuuming and
Don’t after Cataract surgery:
- Donot rub or hurt your eyes, which may cause discomfort or tear
- Donot allow soap, shampoo, or other chemicals to getting entry into your
- Donot drive until your doctor gives you the all-clear.
- Donot do any strenuous exercise or household work.
- Donot wear eye make-up for at least four weeks, which may cause allergies to the eyes.
- Donot fly without first consulting your
- Donot do any strenuous activity or
You might consider hiring someone to look after you until your vision improves, especially if your other eye fails. If you work, the nature of your job and whether or not you need new glasses will determine how soon you can return.
When Return To Your Home?
- Whenmany patients return home, they are still sleepy, so they sleep for a few This is the best option because it gives your eyes a chance to rest after surgery.
- Willbe your eyes shielded with a protective When you should get it removed, the surgeon will advise you.
- Patientsmay be able to remove the shield after several hours, but they must tape it back in place at night or if they take a nap during the day. Must do this for several days to preserve the eyes while they
- Antibiotic eye drops will be given to you to prevent infection, and another prescriptioneye drop will be given to you to relieve You apply both drops many times per day for roughly a week.
- Some people have more severe inflammation, and anti-inflammatory drops may berequired for up to a It’s critical to follow the directions for both slides exactly.
- Whilemost patients only experience minor discomfort following surgery, if necessary, a patient can take an oral pain killer such as acetaminophen.
After cataract surgery, how should you use eye drops?
Your surgeon will prescribe you eye drops, and you must use them exactly as directed. Your doctor will inform you precisely what you should and shouldn’t do following cataract surgery as part of your follow-up, and unless they tell you otherwise, it will most likely be to:
- Beforeputting the drops in, make sure you wash your hands well
- Donot use your eye drops on the operated They should not use them on an untreated eye unless your surgeon has instructed this.
- Afteryour operation, begin utilizing the eye drops the following
- Continueto use the eye drops according to your surgeon’s instructions until they advise you to
- Keepthe eye drops away from children’s reach, and don’t let anyone else use
How to take care of your eyes?
- Allowsome water to cool once it has been brought to a
- Pleasewash your
- Ina bowl of cool boiled water, soak cotton wool or clean
- Wipeyour eyelids gently from the inside (near your nose) to the outside
- Wipethe inside of your eyelids but not the interior of your
- Donot use water to clean your
- Donot put any pressure on your
- Youshould clean your eyes twice a day for the first two weeks because the drops and the healing process can cause mild
Following cataract surgery, you’ll need to recover:
Although the list of dos and don’ts following cataract surgery may appear to be lengthy, employing common sense and following your surgeon’s recommendations will ensure the best possible outcome from your procedure.
In most cases, it will cure your eye in four to six weeks, which is a relatively short period before you may resume your typical activities. And a routine in which you’ll be able to see far better than before.
Within a few hours of cataract surgery, you should be able to do the following:
- Utilizinga computer
- Observingtelevision, not for long hours
The points presented here are meant to serve as a quick reference guide to the steps you should take during your rehabilitation.
The most excellent method to ensure a quick recovery is to follow the doctor’s advice. Follow your doctor’s post-operative instructions since they are the most acceptable person to assess your condition and recommend the best course of action.
In the RK Eye center, cataract surgery is the most prevalent procedure. It’s also one of the safest surgical treatments available, with a low risk of serious complications. More individuals have already benefited from its life-changing benefits, so take the first step toward better eyesight.
Over the years, LASIK eye surgery has progressed significantly. It used to sound like a mysterious technology we knew almost very little. Laser sight Technologies developed the first LASIK laser, which the FDA authorised in 1998. Over ten million Americans have gotten LASIK since then!
LASIK eye surgery has also decreased over time, making it more affordable to a broader range of patients. Consult with professionals and gather the information required before undergoing surgery.That freedom is possible with LASIK eye surgery. It is now achievable through LASIK. Keep reading to get LASIK eye surgery soon and want to know what to expect during the healing process.
LASIK eye surgery is practically painless and requires minimal downtime. Make sure you have enough time to heal before the procedure. Most patients experience minor discomfort, but pain affects everyone differently. If we feel sensitive to pain, we should take extra precautions. Here are some recovery suggestions.
Effective treatment for vision disorders
Laser refractive surgery, or LASIK surgery, is a procedure that corrects visual abnormalities. The particular type of cutting laser is employed with the cornea to change the form of dome-shaped tissue in front of the eye.
- Light is bent refracted precisely onto the retina at the rear of the eye by the cornea.
- People with farsightedness, nearsightedness, or astigmatism, on the other hand, have their light bent improperly, resulting in fuzzy vision or blurry vision.
- Wearing contact lenses or spectacles can be a thing of the past after reshaping the cornea with a laser vision correction therapy like LASIK surgery.
- Although the procedure is painless, it will experience pressure on the eyes when the laser creates the corneal flap.
- To numb the eye, we’ll use anaesthetic drops. It will feel gritty when the treatment is finished as if a lash is in the eye for a few hours.
- Most folks only require Tylenol or Advil and some rest time to relieve their discomfort. However, just in case, you will be given pain medicine.
Recovery From LASIK Eye Surgery
- LASIK eye surgery recovery time is usually six to twelve hours, but it varies from patient to patient and depends on various factors. Most people can see perfectly within 24 hours of undergoing vision correction surgery, but some may need two to five days.
- After LASIK surgery, some patients may experience cloudy vision and visual irregularities for several weeks.
- Many of the patients will experience hazy vision just after LASIK eye surgery. It can last for three to four hours. We will be unable to drive home after surgery. It is suggested that you take a nap and relax for the remainder of the day. Avoid straining eyes by watching television or reading.
- We will return to our office the day after the operation to see a LASIK surgeon so that they may check the vision and assess how it will be healing. After this follow-up visit, most patients are cleared to return to work or school, but each is different. After surgery, we advise all patients to utilize antibiotic and steroid eye drops for roughly a week.
- Although we will notice a considerable improvement in eyesight right away, LASIK surgery recovery is a long-term procedure. The time it takes for vision to settle varies from patient to patient, but it might take three to six months. During this time, the LASIK surgeon will check on vision frequently.
- Most people don’t suffer much discomfort after LASIK surgery. It’s perfectly normal to have a burning or scratchy sensation in the eyes for the first few hours. Throughout the day, we may notice that the vision varies.
- In reality, dry eyes and vision alterations are usual in the first month or two after surgery, but this may linger longer for some people. After surgery, we may feel tempted to touch the eyes, but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises against it since it could need additional therapy.
Touching or rubbing your eyes is not a good idea.
After the operation, the eyes may feel a little uncomfortable even though it’s difficult not to touch the eyes afterward. It might want to put on goggles to avoid rubbing its eyes unintentionally.
We scheduled follow-up appointments.
We will have a checkup the day after the LASIK operation. The doctor will keep track of progress for the next few months. Must follow doctor’s instructions to the letter for the best long-term outcomes.
Feel free after surgery
- Driving is not permitted immediately after LASIK surgery. Even if we feel good, expect to miss a few days of work or school.
- Slowly reintroduce to a regular regimen. Cutarelli Eyesight will help fix your vision to get back to work the next day. Allow at least two days to rest the entire body. Computer work, electronic devices, television, reading, and strenuous exertion should all be avoided.
- The doctor may even advise taking a long nap after the treatment. Then only the body recovers while we sleep.
Relax with bath
First, skip the shower. A bath is suggested to avoid splashing water on the face. Make sure no soap or water gets intolerant eyes. Pat’s skin is parched. No rubbing of the eyes or the edges of the eyes will be allowed.
Best to use dim lighting.
Avoid direct sunlight and bright lights. Even inside, it will be light sensitive for the first few days. After LASIK surgery, the eyes are more vulnerable. They will recover properly if treated with care. Consult a doctor about wearing sunglasses indoors at first.
Not to participate in any sports.
When we need a vacation from the games, whether we play contact sports or not, even minor eye injuries might cause caustic effects. As a result, we’ll want to keep sporting equipment in the closet for roughly a month. Any water sport, including swimming with goggles, should be avoided. Avoid going to locations that are sandy or dusty. When the wind blows, rub your eyes instinctively. Injuries from dust or sand in the eyes are possible.
Use eye drops as directed.
A doctor will prescribe eye drops. The drops aid in the healing process and help achieve the best possible results. It may be inconvenient to use them during specified periods of the day. However, without lubricant, the cornea may get irritated. Pay attention to the doctor’s advice.
Protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses.
The doctor will recommend the ideal eyewear. We should protect our eyes for at least two weeks. Avoid driving in a convertible. Even if we’re wearing goggles, we shouldn’t put treasured orbs in danger.
As you heal from LASIK surgery, you may have a hazy vision. While most people perceive a considerable improvement in their eyesight after LASIK surgery, recovery takes time. Complete healing varies from patient to patient, and it might take anywhere from 3 to 6 months for your eyesight to normalize after Lasik eye surgery.
We can employ a LASIK surgery enhancement for individuals whose vision changes the following surgery drastically to help them keep their exceptional vision. LASIK surgery corrects your vision permanently and removes any defects in the cornea. While eyesight may change again, it will never be as terrible as before LASIK surgery.
Patients typically recover after Lasik eye surgery in three to six months. We’ll need to do everything we can to keep our eyes safe throughout this period. Rest and unwind. We can’t stress this enough. Healing time will be cut in half. At RK Eye Center, we want you to get the most out of your LASIK eye surgery procedure. It most likely wears contact lenses or glasses if you’re considering LASIK surgery. Our experts will discuss whether laser eye correction surgery is a viable option for you. Contact our office right away to schedule an eye exam and learn more about LASIK surgery.
Are you considering LASIK surgery? It’s hard to think of a better time to have LASIK than the start of summer. Summer is unquestionably the most enjoyable season of the year. People begin to engage in enjoyable activities and experiences with their friends and family once the blue sky and dazzling sun decide to remain. Summer is LASIK season, after all!
Cataracts are a problem that everyone will experience at some time in their lives. Cataracts are an unavoidable part of life, but they may be easily removed with cataract surgery. Even if they’re not as bad as some other eye problems, they nonetheless have a significant impact on our lives. If you get LASIK during the beginning of the summer, you will be able to enjoy your improved eyesight for the entire summer!
We’ve all become accustomed to the idea that some seasons are just better than others for accomplishing a few goals. Summer is an excellent time to improve and get back on course. However, the underlying reason for this is our desire to appear better in summer attire, not the season.
- Summer Allergies Are Much Less Intense
- More time to heal
- You may take part in activities without using your glasses or contacts
- More Convenient Travel
- The Most Important Factor is Your Personal Schedule
Summer Allergies Are Much Less Intense:
One of several advantages of laser eye surgery is that it can help with allergy issues. It’s awful enough to still have allergies, especially if you’re constantly rubbing your eyes with contact lenses. In Previous times, the summer is not the best time for any type of eye surgery or general surgeries.
The hot summer months added to the number of persons who developed infections following surgery because, antibiotics and sterilising methods were not accessible at times in past. But, there are no such difficulties with today’s eye procedures. Regardless of the temperature outside, surgeries are conducted with stringent infection control. The recovery time after Lasik surgery is relatively short. Most people can return to work, driving, and other activities within a day or two.
You probably get more time to heal:
If you’ve been saving up your vacation days, why not take use of them and have that LASIK procedure you’ve been debating? The summer holidays are really the ideal time to have LASIK and get the advantages of clean eyesight. Of course, we think LASIK surgery is a terrific decision all year, but the summer holidays are a great time to get it done. Many people take advantage of the summer by taking time off from work.
This may add up to a significant amount of time when you combine paid time off for holidays and regular vacation days. Having your eye surgery done sooner will help you to fully recuperate, allowing you to enjoy the Holiday season with friends and family. So, getting vision correction at the proper time of year will help you get back into a regular, more beautiful routine and reduce your recovery time.
You may take part in activities without using your glasses or contacts:
Despite various reasons, contacts are preferable to spectacles for energetic persons who like summer activities. Just about all individuals believe that contacts will not obstruct vision or slip off your face as easy as glasses. You could even swim, splash, and dive with your eyes closed this summer. Your eyes may be free to take in the surroundings in its most natural and relaxing form.
You won’t lose your contacts while you wipe water from your eyes after LASIK. People who no longer require contacts or glasses are able to participate in sports more easily. Consider how wonderful it would be to participate in summer activities without ever having to rummage through the sand for a lost lens. Swimming and other sport activities may be made more enjoyable with LASIK.
More Convenient Travel:
If you are making plans for your summer vacation, it might be difficult to travel with contacts and glasses. Summer travel is popular, and dealing with luggage is stressful enough. Simply, consider receiving a fast and painless LASIK surgery before hitting the road or flying. Whenever you wear glasses, you keep them on your face and their case in your purse at all times. When you use contacts, you have to bring all of that with you, as well as the cleaning solution and a second set of contacts in case of an emergency.
You don’t need to carry any of that with LASIK. With a good set of eyes, you may go on day excursions and other great summertime experiences. LASIK provides you with the peace of mind you desire while also allowing you to be more prepared while visiting new locations and trying new activities.
The Most Important Factor is Your Personal Schedule:
The greatest thing you can do when determining when to have LASIK surgery is to consider your own schedule. Because you’ll have multiple follow-up sessions following your LASIK treatment, you shouldn’t get it done just before you go on vacation, whether it’s a summer vacation or not. If you work, you may be looking forward to taking some time off this summer.
After LASIK surgery, most patients are able to return to work the same day. However, if at all feasible, try taking a few days off work to rest and heal. So, if your eyes are appropriate, this is always the Best Time of Year for Laser Eye Surgery. This is all you’ll need to get the green light for a lifetime of clear vision.
This blog entry is coming to an end much too soon, just like summer’s fading days. While LASIK may appear to be costly, keep in mind that we’re talking about your eyes. You don’t want to save money on LASIK and then regret it afterwards. Furthermore, remember that you will save money every year following LASIK since you will no longer need to buy glasses or contacts. We’re eager to assist you in having the finest summer ever. Just give a Call or come in today for a LASIK consultation at RK Eye center, Chennai.
The Minor Points:
- Spend a beautiful day reading instead of looking for your spectacles.
- You don’t need a prescription anymore, so go ahead and grab those fashionable sunglasses.
- You won’t have to remember to take out your contacts before going to bed or napping.
- Every morning, be certain that you will be able to fully enjoy your day.
LASIK is a well-known laser refractive surgery to improve the vision of the patient and to correct the problem of refractive error. LASIK is typically performed to rectify myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism.
A perfect candidate can expect good long-term results from the surgery and to get the best results various stages of evaluation are performed to select a good candidate. The preoperative evaluation is well structured and is an important part of the LASIK surgery process itself. Majorly the evaluation can be classified into different stages – a History of the patient, Physical examination, and Pre LASIK testing.
History of the patient:
It is vital to have knowledge of the patient’s expectations/results of the LASIK surgery,
Past medical history of the patient:
Past medical information is necessary prior to any surgery to better understand the outcomes of the procedure. Some systemic diseases like autoimmune diseases, collagen vascular diseases, and diabetes could potentially affect the healing process, due to the disturbance the results may be prolonged.
On the other hand, some diseases can reoccur after surgery. For instance, peripheral keratitis and ocular herpes may recur after the LASIK. The patient must be made aware of these risks.
Information about their medications:
Intake of several drugs could influence the results of the surgery and to avoid this risk, a complete list of the patient’s medications is noted.
Social and family history:
Enquiries with regards to the lifestyle of the patient are made to ascertain the excessive use of alcohol and cigarettes as this could interrupt the healing process of the surgery.
To avoid the risk of flap complications, information about high-risk activities like contact sports are collected. Some familial diseases may be present and expressed in varying degrees of a family and the presence of such diseases could affect the outcomes of LASIK surgery.
Visual acuity: Uncorrected (without correcting refractive index) and corrected (correcting the refractive index) are taken.
Refraction test: A clear refraction check is completed first and a cycloplegic refraction check is done later if required.
Complete eye examination: Every patient undergoes an absolute, thorough eye examination. The attributes of all eye-related structures from the eyelids to the retina are checked thoroughly. If any disease or infection is diagnosed, the particular problem should be treated promptly. The LASIK surgery can not be operated on if the patient suffers from a cataract, in such cases, the patient will be advised of other alternative methods of treatment.
Test for dry eyes:
The quality of the tear film is measured by the tear break-up time, Schirmer’s test, and MGD assessment. If any abnormalities are seen, then treatment in the form of lid hygiene and antibiotics is begun. The patients will be re-examined several times until the improvement of dryness.
Contrast sensitivity test:
The particular test is conducted to have a keen knowledge about the functions of the vision of the patient. The two major tests performed today are the Hamilton-Veale contrast sensitivity test and the Pelli Robson Chart.
An infrared pupillometer is a device used to measure the size of the pupil accurately. Pupil size is tested because the large pupil size may lead to glare after the surgery. So it is important to know the size of the pupil to adjust the size of the optical zone of the laser.
An actual corneal thickness must be evaluated for the treatment, because the patients who have a thin cornea, have the risk of ectasia after the LASIK surgery.
The shape of the cornea is manually evaluated as a preoperative process. The postoperative evaluation depends on the type and level of the LASIK treatment.
The test is conducted to determine the higher-order aberration, a patient with the notable higher order of aberration cannot be treated with standard LASIK procedures because they can end up with undesirable visual symptoms.
It is a three-dimensional imaging tool that is used to plot the surface of the patient’s cornea. It is used to detect a variety of corneal abnormalities. In some abnormalities like keratoconus, the LASIK surgery cannot be performed, in such cases, the LASIK may lead to the loss of vision.
“Cataract surgery- The path to Vision”
What is a Cataract Surgery??
Cataract Surgery is the process of removing the Lens which is formed cloudy and blurs the vision of the eyes. A cataract is a clouding of the lens or any opacity within the lens which leads to a decrease in vision.
In other words, the term “CATARACT” denotes any opacity of the crystalline lens whether it affects the visual acuity or not.
Symptoms of cataract:
Each person experiences different degrees and types of symptoms:
- Glare, cloudy or foggy Vision,
- Sensitivity to bright sunlight, lamps, or headlights.
- Glare (seeing a halo around lights), especially when you drive at night with oncoming headlights.
- Prescription changes in glasses, including sudden nearsightedness.
- Double vision.
- Difficulty seeing at night (poor night vision).
- Changes in the way you see color.
- Gradual loss of vision unless traumatic
- Reduced near vision
- Need for brighter light to read.
- Central lens opacities may decrease pinhole vision
- Second sight – nuclear cataracts cause changes in the refractive index of the lens so that they become more myopic and one may not need reading glasses
- Normally when one age one becomes more presbyopic, i.e. near-sighted requiring more plus lens
How do Cataracts Develop?
When protein substances build up in the lens, Cataracts are formed. Those build-up substances in the lens will block full light transmission, which causes the vision to cloudy or impaired.
Three common types of cataracts are defined by their location in the lens which is senile (age-related). The types are:
- Nuclear cataract
- A cortical cataract, and
- Posterior subcapsular.
The impairment of vision may depend on the size, density, and location of the lens. It is possible that more than one type can be present in one eye.
Common Risk Factors:
- Medical conditions such as diabetes
- Traumatic injury to the eye
- Medications like corticosteroids or diuretics
- Radiation and ultraviolet light
- Exposure to toxic substances and pollution
- High alcohol consumption
- Smoking or exposure to cigarette smoke.
How Can I Reduce Risk?
- Schedule regular appointments with an eye doctor
- Quit smoking
- Eat lots of fruits and vegetables
- Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight
- Wear sunglasses to limit your exposure to harmful UV rays.
Do cataract surgery improve vision?
After the age of fifty, some people or even more are likely to hear from doctors who say that you have cataracts.
A cataract cannot be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or corneal refractive surgery like LASIK surgery. Surgical treatment is the only definitive treatment to remove a cataract.
Once the cataract is started to cause some problems in daily activities, it is time to focus on removing it. Having a cataract is not only the major reason to do cataract surgery; it may cause some major impacts on your normal daily activities.
After having the complete replacement lens/cataract surgery, there is no longer anything interfering with light transmission to the retina. So you could have a clear vision and improved contrast sensitivity.
- Modern cataracts surgeries help restore the lost vision to cataracts; it often reduces the use of eyeglasses.
- Modern cataract surgery is one of the safest and most effective surgical procedures performed today.
- More than a million cataract surgeries are performed nowadays in India; the vast majority of these procedures produce excellent visual outcomes.
One of the million dollar questions in general is, whether LASIK Surgery and Refractive Surgery are the same. The myth behind this question ends up with an answer. Yes, they both are same.
The Scientific approach clearly states that LASIK is a sub-type of Refractive Surgery. It is a procedure to resolve the refractive index errors such as;
- Myopia (Nearsightedness)
- Hyperopia (Farsightedness)
When these implications are corrected, your vision will improve completely.
Refractive Surgery involves correcting the shape of the cornea (re-shaping) with the help of a Laser. This helps in avoiding contact lens or power glasses.
Refractive surgery will be the perfect option for any patient who wants to,
- Decrease their dependence on glasses or contact lenses.
- Be free from eye disease.
- Accept the inherent risks and potential side effects of the procedure.
- Understand that they could still need glasses or contacts after the procedure to achieve their best vision.
- Have an appropriate refractive error.
Is LASIK Eye Surgery and Refractive Surgery the same?
Basically, Refractive surgery can be classified into two types. They are,
- LASIK (Laser-assisted in situ Keratomileusis)
- PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy)
They both are operated with the help of a laser to improve vision.
Photorefractive Keratectomy is a process of pealing the topmost layer of the cornea (epithelium). Generally, Cornea is composed of five thin and transparent layers. Once, PRK peals the outermost layer, with the help of a laser it corrects the other layers of the cornea. This procedure helps in fixing the irregular curvatures of the eye.
Laser-assisted in situ Keratomileusis is the process of creating a small flap in the cornea with the help of a laser or a thin blade. Once the flap is created, the eye surgeon uses the laser to reshape the curvature of the cornea. The best part in LASIK that is compared with PRK is, the flap will lower back to its original position and cure within a time period. So, there is no risk of losing the outermost layer of the cornea in LASIK surgery.
Thus, it is clear that LASIK surgery is a part of Refractive Surgery. LASIK is the most preferred treatment in Refractive Surgery.
The Procedure of LASIK Eye Surgery:
- The complete procedure of the surgery will be accomplished in 30 minutes.
- You will be given an eye drop as anaesthesia.
- Following this, the doctor will place an instrument to split both the eyelids.
- Then suction ring will be placed over the cornea before cutting the flap of it.
- Eye Surgeon uses a small blade or laser to cut the outermost layer of the cornea and opens a flap.
- With the help of holding the flap, the surgeon can easily access and correct the other layers of the cornea.
- The surgeon corrects the shape of the cornea with the help of a programmed laser. This laser beam helps in removing the tiny tissues of the cornea. Once the reshaping procedure is completed, the flap is placed back to its own position.
- This flap heals out without any stitches but it takes time.
- During the surgery, the patients are instructed to focus on the light beam. This makes the patient’s eyes to be in a fixed position so that, the surgeons can easily handle and give the better treatment.
- Before the LASIK surgery procedures, the individuals must have undergone various diagnostic tests to verify that, are they fit to undergo the surgery?
Post Procedure of Lasik Surgery:
- In post-surgery, the patients will be re-examined by the surgeon to check the shape of the cornea after the treatment.
- The patient might feel little pain and itchy after the procedure. Depending upon the individual, the pain will vanish in a day or a maximum of three days.
- Vision will recover within a day. Anyhow, the patients are not supposed to expose their eyes to lights, sunbeam, mobile, TV, desktop, etc for a week time.
- For a period of a week, the patients are supposed to wear a protective glass to avoid contact with UV lights, dust and etc in the environment.
- The patients ought to follow the given medications prescribed by the ophthalmologists. Also, the patient should visit all the mandatory follow-up appointments for the first six months after post-surgery.
Advantage of LASIK Surgery:
- 100% of the patients got back their complete vision after LASIK. This means they are no more dependable on a contact lens or power glasses.
- Usually, the correction in vision is found immediately or within a day.
- No stitches are required in this procedure.
- The procedure is completely painless.
- The complete ideology of this article is to make awareness of LASIK surgery and it is a part of Refractive surgery.
- Besides this, it is always a curious matter for everyone to know the procedure of LASIK.
- LASIK is the best option when it comes to Refractive eye surgery.
Book an appointment today to consult with Ophthalmologists in R K Eye Centre, Chennai.
Retinopathy of Prematurity is a type of eye disease that occurs in premature infants. This was first found in the year 1942 and currently accounts for the largest reason for blindness in childhood.
ROP is formed primarily due to the abnormal growth of blood vessels in the Retina. Usually, in a full-term baby, these blood vessels streaming the walls of the retina will have complete growth. These blood vessels feed the Retina.
The eye begins to grow rapidly from 12-16 weeks of pregnancy and completes its growth by 38-42nd week.
In premature babies, in some cases, the growth of these blood vessels stops. After some time, they tend to grow rapidly and abnormally. This abnormal growth leads to bleed or hemorrhaging of the blood vessels.
Leakage of these bloodstreams leads to scar formation on the retina. This eventually puts in a situation of loss the complete vision for the infants.
What is Prematurity?
Before heading into prematurity, let us try to understand what is full-term gestation or pregnancy?
A full-term pregnancy is a duration of 38-42 weeks between LMP (last menstrual period) to the date of delivery.
When a baby born within 36 weeks of gestational or with the weight of fewer than 1250 grams (2.75 Pounds) at the time of birth is termed as prematurity.
Premature babies are like to have this ROP disorder affecting both the eyes. The disease is usually symmetrical.
Statistics on Retinopathy of Prematurity:
- As per Global data, almost 0.8% of babies are premature.
- In these premature babies, 57% of infants are likely to be affected by Retinopathy of Prematurity.
- In which, only 10% of infants will be affected in severe stages (Stage III – V). Only these infants require treatment and the other 90% don’t require any treatment.
- The infants with ROP stage III+ if untreated have a maximum chance to lose their vision.
Symptoms of Retinopathy of Prematurity:
- There are no early symptoms found in babies with ROP.
- The symptoms are found in later stages. They are unusual eye movement, white pupil, vision loss.
- The best way to diagnose ROP is by Eye Exam/ screening using an indirect Ophthalmoscope or Photographs of the retina.
Stages of Retinopathy of Prematurity:
Basically, ROP is classified by 5 different stages depending on the severity of the disease.
Stage I – The stage where they have mild abnormal blood vessel growth. This category holds major cases with ROP. There is no treatment needed, rather the disease resolves without any progression as moves on.
Stage II – The blood vessel growth will be Moderate. Infants belonging to this stage also don’t require any treatment as Stage I is. Their disease will resolve on its own and will attain normal vision power as their eye grow. If it’s associated with plus disease a close follow up is warranted.
Stage III – Infants with Severe abnormal blood vessel growth will be categorized in Stage III. This stage requires treatment for sure, if left untreated may lead to complete vision loss. Even though, there are few babies who recover their vision in Stage III without any treatments. In this stage, the blood vessels grow towards the center of the eye, rather than growing along the wall of the retina.
Stage IV – Here the retina will be found partially detached from the wall of the eyes. The abnormal blood vessels start leaking and make a scar-like impression. This scar pulls the retina away from the eye’s wall.
Stage V – The infants under this stage will be having a completely detached retina and it’s termed as the end-stage of ROP disease. If the eyes left untreated, the child would have a severe visual impairment.
The majority of children fall under Stage I and Stage II. Few percent of infants fall into Stage III+. Yes, they require treatment to recover their vision.
Treatment Method by R K Eye Clinic:
In R K Eye Clinic, we have a group of professionally trained and highly experienced Ophthalmologists. We always prefer effective treatment and proven treatments like,
- Laser Therapy
- Anti VEGF injections
- Surgical treatment like scleral buckle or vitrectomy
This method is used to tear or burn the periphery of the retina. The laser therapy is allowed on the Infants with ROP with Stage III. Their retina will be filled with abnormal blood vessels and pointing towards the center of the eye. Laser will help by creating an area of retina that no longer requires oxygen requirement thereby reducing or reversing the growth of these abnormal blood vessels.
Cryotherapy is a method by which the Ophthalmologist uses an instrument to freeze the surface of the retina with a definite freezing temperature.
Both Cryotherapy and Laser therapy helps in breaking the peripheral of the retina. This helps in slowing or reversing of abnormal blood vessels. These two treatments are generally performed for Stage III ROP. This is relegated to history at our centre and no longer perform this procedure. Laser treatment has replaced this modality of treatment.
This method deals with an installation of a silicone band over the eye and tightening them. The vitreous gel present in the silicone band helps in pushing back the scar tissue caused by the leak. This makes the retina to back its original position.
An infant who undergoes this treatment process has to remove the band in a month or within a year. This method is an advanced ROP treatment method and should be taken for Stage IV or V ROP infants.
This is basically performed only for Stage V ROP infants. Vitrectomy helps in removing the vitreous and replaced by saline. While the vitreous is removed, it peels off the scar tissue found. This makes the retina relax and feature back to the eyewall.
At R K Eye Clinic, we perform excellent Retinopathy of Prematurity screening and treatments for different stages with experienced consultants. In course of time, we have helped many infants to recover from the defects of ROP. Many infants have recovered their vision thanks to the sound screening programs being conducted at various hospitals all over the city.
We treat ROP at a reasonable cost. The only advice to caretakers of ROP infants is to consults our team of ophthalmologists to diagnose this condition at the earliest.
Early detection and early treatment can help your infant avoid the adverse situations of ROP as detailed in this article.
Computers have increasingly become a part of our lives in the recent times. It is not possible to entirely avoid computers because of their significance they hold in our jobs and lives. 50 years ago, no one might have thought of getting health care while sitting in their house. But today that is precisely what you are doing at the moment. While it is an undeniable fact that computers have made a lot of jobs easy, we also need to realise the effects of their prolonged use on our health.
Seeing or working on computer for a long time may require a lot of work and strain from your muscles. Over the years, such strain may make your eye muscles less flexible. The brightness, the glares and the contrast do further damage to your eyes. Here are some easy tips to protect your eyes from such damage.
1. Getting your eyes examined regularly:
Having an annual eye test ensures that you detect eye problems, if any, at the earliest stage possible. If your job is one that involves a lot of computer usage, a regular check-up becomes even more important. Getting a comprehensive eye exam at least once a year is a necessity with this rapid digitalization. Measure how far your eyes are from your screen when you sit at your computer, and bring this measurement to your exam so your eye doctor can test your eyes at that specific working distance.
2. Proper lighting:
Avoid excessively bright lights at home and workplace. Try to get an anti-glare screen to minimise the effect of glare on your eyes. Avoid overhead lights while working on the system. Adjust the brightness and font size at an optimum level to avoid strain. If possible, position your computer monitor or screen so windows are to the side, instead of in front or behind it.
3. Blink more often:
When working at a computer, people blink less frequently – about one-third as often as they normally do. Blinking is very important when working at a computer; blinking moistens your eyes to prevent dryness and irritation. Tears coating the eye evaporate more rapidly during long non-blinking phases and this can cause dry eyes.To reduce your risk of dry eyes during computer use, try this exercise: Every 20 minutes, blink 10 times by closing your eyes as if falling asleep (very slowly). This will help lubricate your eyes.
4. Eye Exercise:
To reduce your risk of tiring your eyes by constantly focusing on your screen, look away from your computer at least every 20 minutes and gaze at a distant object (at least 20 feet away) for at least 20 seconds. Some eye doctors call this the “20-20-20 rule.” Looking far away relaxes the focusing muscle inside the eye to reduce fatigue.
Another exercise is to look far away at an object for 10-15 seconds, then gaze at something up close for 10-15 seconds. Then look back at the distant object. Do this 10 times. This exercise reduces the risk of your eyes’ focusing ability to “lock up” (a condition called accommodative spasm) after prolonged computer work.
5. Frequent breaks:
Many workers take only two 15-minute breaks from their computer throughout their work day. According to a recent study, discomfort and eye strain were significantly reduced when computer workers took four additional five-minute “mini-breaks” throughout their work day.
And these supplementary breaks did not reduce the workers’ productivity. Data entry speed was significantly faster as a result of the extra breaks, so work output was maintained even though the workers had 20 extra minutes of break time each day. During your computer breaks, stand up, move about and stretch your arms, legs, back, neck and shoulders to reduce tension and muscle fatigue.
Check your monitor’s position – It is important that your monitor be positioned at the proper distance away from your eyes. Optimally, your computer screen should be 15 to 20 degrees below eye level (about 4 or 5 inches) as measured from the center of the screen and 20 to 28 inches from the eyes. Improper posture during computer work also contributes to computer vision syndrome. Adjust your workstation and chair to the correct height.
Never postpone your doctor consultation once you feel there is something is wrong with your sight. Get your eyes tested at least once a year to detect any problems at the earliest stage possible. Get the best treatment from the best Eye Hospital in Chennai- RK Eye Centre. Our highly qualified team of doctors ensure that every patient gets the best possible treatment. RK Eye Centre was founded by Dr. Rajinikantha- one of the top 3 ophthalmologists in Chennai.
WHAT’S THE DEAL ABOUT GLAUCOMA?
Recently we get to hear the word ‘glaucoma’ often. What is this glaucoma? What are the symptoms of glaucoma? How is it diagnosed and how is it treated? This blog post shall answer all your queries. But this blog post’s intention doesn’t stop with you reading this. Get your eyes tested at a good eye hospital. If you are in Chennai the best choice you can make for your eyes is visiting R K Eye Centre. From patient treatment to the technical facilities, RK Eye Centre always gives the best to its patients.
What is Glaucoma?
An eye disease often associated with elevated intraocular pressure in which, damage to the optic nerve can lead to the loss of vision and even blindness. Intraocular pressure increases when either too much fluid is produced in the eye or the drainage or outflow channels of the eyes become blocked. It is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world. Some people can have optic nerves that are sensitive to normal eye pressure. This means their risk of getting glaucoma is higher than normal. Regular eye exams are important to find early signs of damage to their optic nerve.
Types of Glaucoma:
Primary open-angle glaucoma
This is the most common type of glaucoma. It happens gradually, where the eye does not drain fluid as well as it should (like a clogged drain). As a result, eye pressure builds and starts to damage the optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is painless and causes no vision changes at first.
Angle-closure glaucoma/ closed-angle glaucoma/ narrow-angle glaucoma
This type happens when someone’s iris is very close to the drainage angle in their eye. The iris can end up blocking the drainage angle. You can think of it like a piece of paper sliding over a sink drain. When the drainage angle gets completely blocked, eye pressure rises very quickly. This is an acute attack. In this case, you should consult your ophthalmologist immediately.
The signs of an acute angle-closure glaucoma attack:
- Sudden blurry vision
- Severe eye pain
- Nausea or vomit
- Rainbow-colored rings or halos around lights
Many people with angle-closure glaucoma develop it slowly. This is called chronic angle-closure glaucoma. There are no symptoms at first, so they don’t know they have it until the damage is severe or they have an attack.
How common is glaucoma?
The number for those blinded by this disease stands at a staggering 6 million. Many of those diagnosed with this problem were not even aware of any difficulty with their vision. While everyone is at risk for glaucoma, certain people are at a much higher risk and need to be checked more frequently by their eye doctor. The major risk factors for glaucoma include the following:
- Age over 45 years
- Family history of glaucoma
- History of elevated intraocular pressure
- Decrease in corneal thickness and rigidity
- Nearsightedness (high degree of myopia), the inability to see distant objects clearly
- History of injury to the eye
- Use of cortisone (steroids), either in the eye or systemically (orally or injected)
- Farsightedness (hyperopia), which is seeing distant objects better than close ones (Farsighted people may have narrow drainage angles, which predispose them to acute [sudden] attacks of angle-closure glaucoma.)
As most of the glaucoma cases present no symptoms, the only way to detect glaucoma is by getting a comprehensive eye exam done. A comprehensive glaucoma eye exam consists of the following tests:
- Tonometry (the inner eye pressure)
- Ophthalmoscopy / dilated eye exam (the shape and colour of optic nerve)
- Perimetry (the complete field of vision)
- Gonioscopy (the angle in the eye where the iris meets the cornea)
- Pachymetry (thickness of the cornea)
- Disc photography (documents current status of optic disc)
- Optical Coherence Tomography (detects early damage by directly measuring Retinal nerve fibre layer thickness)
The usual treatment for glaucoma is eye drops, although lasers and surgery can also be used. Most cases can be controlled well with these treatments, thereby preventing further loss of vision. A medicine for glaucoma is still being researched in various parts of the world. Early diagnosis is the only thing to catch glaucoma at the earliest stage possible and prevent it from progressing.
Now that you know better about glaucoma, don’t delay your eye exam anymore. To get the best experience and service with regards to eye problems including glaucoma, RK Eye Centre is the best place for people in Chennai. Get your eyes tested by the top eye specialists in the city, at RK Eye Centre.
EYE CARE FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES
When a normal person goes for his regular blood test, his first prayer is ‘God, please.. Not diabetes.. Please..!”
Diabetes is every person’s nightmare. For it doesn’t come alone. Diabetic people need to be careful about a lot of accompanying conditions. Diabetic people need to be concerned about a few eye problems in particular- diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataract and glaucoma. Lets see what these are.
Diabetic retinopathy is a problem wherein the retinal blood vessels leak fluid or bleed. Chronically high blood sugar from diabetes is associated with damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina, leading to diabetic retinopathy. The retina detects light and converts it to signals sent through the optic nerve to the brain. Diabetic retinopathy can cause blood vessels in the retina to leak fluid or hemorrhage (bleed), distorting vision. In its most advanced stage, new abnormal blood vessels proliferate (increase in number) on the surface of the retina, which can lead to scarring and cell loss in the retina.In the advanced stage of diabetic retinopathy, the number of abnormal blood vessels or those leaking/ bleeding may increase, on the surface of the retina. This leads to scarring and cell loss in the retina. This disease is the most common cause of loss of vision among diabetic people.
Diabetic retinopathy usually gives no symptoms during the initial stages. Therefore it is advisable for diabetic people to get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year, so that it can be stopped at the earliest stage possible. Controlling diabetes can slow the onset and worsening of diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic Macular Edema happens when diabetic retinopathy causes swelling in the macula area of the retina. It is the buildup of fluid (edema) in the macula. The macula is important for the sharp, straight-ahead vision that is used for reading, recognizing faces, and driving. About half of the people with diabetic retinopathy are likely to develop diabetic macular edema. Although in most of the cases it happens with worsening diabetic retinopathy, it is possible for diabetic macular edema to develop during any stage of the former problem.
Tractional Retinal Detachment: This refers to advanced diabetic eye disease when the gel like substance in front of the retina called the vitreous body becomes more fibrous like and pulls on the retina leading to its detachment. Such issues can be corrected only through Surgical procedures such as MIVS (Micro Incision Vitrectomy Surgery). The latest 25G and 27G (thinnest) vitrectomy procedures ensure faster healing time which is so crucial for a diabetic individual. At RK Eye Centre our Alcon, Constellation system US, top of the line system, provides the ideal platform for performing difficult vitrectomy procedures.
Diabetic retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema are detected during a comprehensive dilated eye exam that includes:
Visual acuity testing: This eye chart test measures a person’s ability to see at various distances.
Tonometry: This test measures pressure inside the eye.
Pupil dilation: Drops placed on the eye’s surface dilate (widen) the pupil, allowing a physician to examine the retina and optic nerve.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT): This technique is similar to ultrasound but uses light waves instead of sound waves to capture images of tissues inside the body. OCT provides detailed images of tissues that can be penetrated by light, such as the eye.
A comprehensive dilated eye exam allows the doctor to check the retina for:
- Changes to blood vessels
- Leaking blood vessels or warning signs of leaky blood vessels, such as fatty deposits
- Swelling of the macula (DME)
- Changes in the lens
Cataract is the clouding of the eye’s lens by debris. This leads to unclear vision and improper focus. Adults with diabetes are more likely to develop cataract than non-diabetic adults. But cataract is not necessarily limited to adults. Cataract may even develop in young people with diabetes.
Glaucoma is an eye problem that attacks the optic nerve. Some types of glaucoma may be caused by elevated blood pressure, but diabetes doubles the risk of glaucoma.
Gaining awareness of the possible problems is the first step towards preventing them. Never miss your annual check up, especially if you are diabetic. Semi annual check ups are recommended for patients with moderate disease process. A check up every 3 months is warranted for those with severe disease. Keep your blood sugar levels under control. Get yourself a comprehensive eye exam at RK Eye Centre– one of the best Eye Hospitals in Chennai. Our highly qualified and experienced doctors and trained staff will make sure you get the best quality of service possible. Once you come to RK Eye Centre, you no longer have the burden of worrying about you eye health. Leave it to us to give you the best treatment.
TIPS FOR HEALTHY EYES
1. Right Diet
Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, particularly dark leafy greens such as spinach is important for keeping your eyes healthy. There are eye health benefits from eating fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, tuna, and halibut.
2. Wear protective eyewear
Wear protective eyewear when playing sports or doing activities around the home. Protective eyewear includes safety glasses and goggles, safety shields, and eye guards specially designed to provide the correct protection for a certain activity. Most protective eyewear lenses are made of polycarbonate, which is 10 times stronger than other plastics. When you step outside your home, make sure you wear your sunglasses. When buying sunglasses, look for those that block out both UV- A and UV- B radiation
3. Adequate rest
Give your eyes a break from the electronic devices. Follow the 20/20/20 rule: Every 20 minutes, look at least 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds. Also, place your screen so it’s about 25 inches away and slightly below eye level. Reduce glare by moving light sources or using a screen filter.
4. Quit smoking/ Never start
For those who think smoking has nothing to do with your eyes, research has shown that the risk of optic nerve damage, age related macular damage, cataract is relatively high for those smoke than those who don’t.
5. Regular eye examination
Some eye problems present no symptoms in the early stage. There is no way to catch them early other than going for a comprehensive eye exam at least once a year.
6. Don’t ignore eye problems
If you have persisting irritation or redness or any other eye problem, self-medication is the worst thing you can do to yourself. Never delay consultation with an eye doctor once you know something is wrong with your eye.
7. Throw away eye cosmetics after 3 months
Bacteria grow easily in liquid or creamy eye makeup. Throw out products after 3 months. If you develop an infection, immediately get rid of all your eye makeup and see a doctor. If you tend to have allergic reactions, try only one new product at a time.
8. Never share eye cosmetics
Never share cosmetics and don’t use store samples. Clean your face thoroughly before and after using makeup, and don’t apply cosmetics inside lash lines.
9. Adequate sleep
Your eyes need adequate rest to function. Without enough rest, your eyes may appear puffy and red.
10. Exercise regularly
Exercise not only keeps you fit, it also ensures the oxygen and blood supply to your body parts.
BEST FOODS FOR EYE HEALTH
The first step towards preserving the health of your eyes is good nutrition. Good, diet, exercise, regular eye examination are vital for the maintenance of healthy eyes. This post contains the details of the best foods for your eyes.
Fish, particularly salmon, can be a great food to consume for eye health. Salmon and other fish have omega-3 fatty acids. These are “healthy” fats. Omega-3 fatty acids can contribute to visual development and the health of the retina in the back of the eye. They can also help prevent dry eyes.
Eggs are a great food to eat for eye health. The yolks contain vitamin A, lutein, zeaxanthin, and zinc, which are all vital to eye health. Vitamin A safeguards the cornea. The cornea is the surface of the eye. Lutein and zeaxanthin lower the chance of getting serious eye conditions like age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Zinc contributes to the health of the retina (screen at the back of the eye). Zinc also helps eyes see at night.
Almonds, like other nuts and seeds, are generally good for eye health. Almonds contain vitamin E. This vitamin guards against unstable molecules that target healthy tissue. Consuming regular amounts of vitamin E can help prevent age-related macular degeneration as well as cataracts.
Green Leafy vegetables:
Green leafy vegetables like spinach contain so many important vitamins, nutrients, and minerals. Greens have the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, also found in eggs and other foods. These nutrients may help to prevent serious eye conditions such as age-related macular degeneration and cataracts.
Carrots are well-known to be good for eye health. Like egg yolks, carrots have vitamin A and also beta carotene. Vitamin A and beta carotene help the surface of the eye and can also help prevent eye infections and other serious eye conditions.
Oranges and other citrus fruit contain vitamin C, which is key for eye health. The vitamin, found mainly in fresh fruits and vegetables, contributes to healthy blood vessels in your eyes. It can combat the development of cataracts, and in combination with other vitamins and nutrients, age-related macular degeneration.
Include these foods in your diet to preserve your eyesight. A balanced diet is required for the good functioning of your body. A few nutrients like Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Omega 3 fatty acids are vital for your eye health. A good diet can avoid most of the problems. A healthy diet and a regular eye exam is all you need to keep eye problems at bay. People of Chennai need not look elsewhere for your eye examination! R K Eye Centre is here to provide you the best service and treatment at affordable costs. R K Eye Centre was founded by Dr. Rajinikantha, one of the top 3 ophthalmologists of the city. Therefore you can be assured of the best quality of services possible. Our professional staff and best team of doctors makes us the obvious choice of eye treatment for Chennai people. So why look elsewhere?