Monsoon season brings a huge relief to the hot summer weather. The high humidity, stagnant water due to the rainfall and heavy winds can cause many infections including conditions related to the eye. Some of the common monsoon related eye infections are stye and conjunctivitis (red/pink eye). Other conditions such dry eye and corneal infections can also occur. Here is the list of expert tips for Eye Care during Monsoon Season!
What is Stye?
Stye is a red painful swelling (boil) in the eyelid. Typically, it occurs in one eye but can also be seen in both eyes.
Causes of Stye
It occurs when there is an inflammation or infection of the hair follicle in the eyelid or due to blocked glands along the eyelids that normally secretes oil.
Symptoms include pain, swelling of the eyelid, redness, tenderness, droopy eyelid and eye discharge.
Warm compress (using a towel) for about 5-10 minutes can provide some relief. Never attempt to press the stye to release any pus formation. If the condition does not improve within a week, consultation with an eye doctor is highly recommended to be treated with an antibiotic.
What is Conjunctivitis
This is commonly known as red eye or pink eye. It is the infection of the transparent layer of the eye (conjunctiva) that covers the white part of the eye. It can be caused by bacteria or virus but can also be due to seasonal allergies. The condition usually starts in one eye and quickly spreads to the other eye. This is a highly contagious condition so appropriate hygiene should be followed.
The most common symptoms are redness, itching, watery eyes, greenish or yellow discharge, gritty feeling in the eye and swelling.
Home remedy should never be attempted. Wash your eyes gently with cold water to clean any discharge, as needed. Seek doctor’s help to treat any underlying infection. Allergic conjunctivitis usually resolves within a week without any medical treatment.
Dry eye can occur any time of the year but can also occur during rainy season.
Some of the symptoms of dry eye includes irritation, foreign body sensation in the eye, watery eyes, redness, blurred vision (sometimes clears with blink) and general ocular discomfort.
The tear film is the front most layer that lubricates the surface of the eye with each blink. Dry eye most commonly occurs when the normal composition of the tear film is disrupted. It can be caused due to many factors such as being in a dry environment, watching tv or computer screen without blinking for a long time and contact lens wear. Monsoon season related dry eye can be caused due to touching the eyes with contaminated hands.
Lubricating eye drops usually provides some symptomatic relief. If symptoms persists for a long time, consult your eye doctor for a complete dry eye evaluation.
General Tips for Eye Hygiene
- – Wash your hands after coming home from outside.
- – Never touch your eyes with dirty hands
- – Carefully remove any eye make-up before bed time
- – Contact lens wearers – Always wash your hands before handling contact lenses. Extended wear contact lenses (i.e., rinse and re-use for a prescribed period of time) should be cleaned appropriately every day and promptly dispose lenses as instructed by your doctor
- – Do not wear contact lenses when you have an active eye infection
- – Avoid sharing personal items such as hand towels etc with other family members when you have an eye infection